As the venerated former President APJ Abdul Kalam passes away, here's a list of all Presidents of India
Tributes for DR Kalam poured in from students, politicians and novelists in India as well as from the international world. A truly inspiring hero and role model for many in India, Dr Kalam was last seen doing what he loved the most - imparting knowledge and inspiring budding youth in India through a lecture to the IIM students.
in his last Twitter post, Dr Kalam said: "Going to Shillong.. to take course on Livable Planet earth at IIM."
Going to Shillong.. to take course on Livable Planet earth at iim. With @srijanpalsingh and Sharma.— APJ Abdul Kalam (@APJAbdulKalam) July 27, 2015
Here's a look back at all Indian presidents including Kalam since India became a republic. From first president Dr Rajendra Prasad to current president Mukherjee. Here's everything you should know - names of all Indian presidents, their pictures and tenure at Rashtrapati Bhavan.
President of India is the titular and ceremonial head of state and is the first citizen of the country. The post of President of India was introduced in 1950, when India became a republic and adopted the Constitution, three years after the Indian independence.
The president's official residence is in Delhi in Rashtrapati Bhavan.
The president in India is elected for a period of five years and has the opportunity to hold office for two terms (10 years). In India's history, Rajendra Prasad, the first president of India, so far, is the only president to have occupied the post for 10 years. The current President of India is Pranab Mukherjee, who was sworn in in July 2012. Dr Mukherjee is the 13th president of India.
Here is a full list of all the presidents of India since the country became a republic (in descending order with Pranab Mukherjee first):
Dr Pranab Mukherjee
India's 13th President
President: July 2012 to Current
Born in 1935.
Dr Pranab Mukherjee is the 13th President of India and the first Bengali President to hold the post. The 76-year-old Congressman and the former Finance Minister beat rival P. A. Sangma at the presidential race by securing nearly 70% of the total valid votes
Pratibha Devisingh Patil
India's 12th President
President: July 2007 to July 2012
Born in 1934.
Pratibha Patil was India's first woman president after she defeated Bhairon Singh Shekhawat to suceed Abdul Kalam. Although she finished her full five-year term of presidency, she is considered as one of the lowest profile president of India.
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam
India's 11th President
President: July 2002 to July 2007
Born in 1931; Died on July 27, 2015 in Shillong.
Considered as one of the most inspiring and loved president of the recent times, Abdul Kalam as a president has inspired many young people of India and his simple way of life is often quoted for inspiration. A successful scientist by profession, he brought a fresh perspective to Indian politics with his different style of working. His birthday is observed as World Students Day by the UN. He has received several top honours including the Bharat Ratna and Padma Vibhushan.
Dr Kalam, 84 passed away on Monday, July 27, 2015 in Shillong after falling ill when delivering a lecture to IIM students in Shillong. Tributes for Dr Kalam poured in from national and international quarters as he touched the hearts of young, old and children with his inspiring knowledge and good-hearted nature and love for children to progress.
K R Narayanan
India's 10th President
Term at office: July 1997 to July 2002
Born in 1920; died in 2005
The 10th president of India, KR Narayanan studied in London School of Economics with a scholarship. He has also served as a Minister in Rajiv Gandhi's Cabinet as is considered as the only Dalit to have held the role of President of India.
Dr Shankar Dayal Sharma
India's 9th President
Term at office: July 1992 to July 1997
Born in 1918; died in 1999
Shankar Dayal Sharma has first served as Vice President under R Venkataraman as President. After R Venkataraman's term, Sharma became the ninth President of India. Outside of his presidency, Shankar Dayal Sharma is widely recognised and respected for his passion for the rule of law and his immense contribution to the legal profession.
India's 8th President
Term at Office: July 1987 to July 1992
Born in 1910; died in 2009
A lawyer and a staunch freedom activist, Ramaswamy Venkataraman from Tanjore first served Indian politics as a Union Cabinet member. He became India's eighth president after working as a Vice President before that. He died at the age of 98 due to multiple organ failures.
India's 7th President
Term at Office: July 1982 to July 1987
Born in 1916; died in 1994
A congress politician, Giani Zail Singh was the seventh Indian president. One of the most historical political events - Operation Blue Star; Assasination of PM Indira Gandhi and the 1984 Sikh riots all took place during his Presidency tenure. He appointed Rajiv Gandhi as the Prime Minister of India. Zail Singh died at the age of 78 in a car accident in Chandigarh.
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
India's 6th President
Term at Office: July 1977 to July 1982
Born in 1913; died in 1996
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy became the youngest ever Presidents of India, elected at the age of 64. Prior to his high-profile role as the sixth President of India, he has been known to have actively participated in India's freedom movement and has held prominent roles in the central government as a staunch Congressman.
Dr Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
India's 5th President
Term at Office: August 1974 to February 1977
Born in 1905; died in 1977
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed was India's fifth President. India's second Muslim president, he has actively participated in India's freedom struggle and has been arrested in the Quit India movement. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi selected Ali Ahmed for the president's role. He was the second President to die in office (before his five-year tenure ended).
Before India's 6th president (Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was elected as the succeeding President, Basappa Danappa Jatti, the then Vice President took over as the acting president when Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed passed away.
V V Giri
India's 4th President
Term at Office: May 1969 to August 1974
Born in 1894; died in 1980
The fourth president of India, Varahagiri Venkata Giri (VV Giri) completed his full term and also assumed the role of presidency for another short stint later in 1969 as the acting President of India when the then President Neelam Sanjiva Reddy died in office. VV Giri was conferred with the Bharat Ratna for his influential contribution to the Indian society.
Dr Zakir Hussain
India's 3rd President
Term at Office: May 1967 to May 1969
Born in 1897; died in 1969
Dr Zakir Hussain became Republic India's first Muslim President. He was the third President of the country serving for just two years before he passed away during the middle of his term. He became the first president to die in office and has been the Indian president with the shortest stint at the helm.
Mohammed Hidayatullah was appointed as the acting President after the sudden demise of Dr Zakir Hussain for a short while before V V Giri took over as the Acting President for the rest of the term. Dr Zakir Hussain's term was succeeded by V V Giri.
India's 2nd President
Term at Office: May 1962 to May 1967
Born in 1888; died in 1975
Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishna became the second President of India. Till date, he is considered as one of India's most celebrated scholar and philosopher. He has studied in UK's prestigious Oxford University and has been honoured with British Order as well as India's Bharat Ratna. His birthday, September 5th is celebrated as Teachers Day in India even today.
Dr Rajendra Prasad
India's 1st President
Term at Office: January 1950 to May 1962
Born in 1884; died in 1963
Dr Rajendra Prasad became India's first ever president since the country became a Republic and adopted the constitution in January 1950.
A Congressman and a staunch supporter of Mahatma Gandhi, Dr Prasad played a significant role in India's freedom movement. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna and Dr Rajendra Prasad was an inspiring teacher and lawyer by profession before becoming the first President of India.
In addition to these full term presidents, India has seen three acting presidents
- VV Giri – As the acting President of India in 1969 after the demise of President Dr Zakir Hussain in office.
- Mohammed Hidayatullah – Acting President for a short term before VV Giri was appointed as the acting President (see above)
- Basappa Danappa Jatti – The Vice President during Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed's term, Basappa Danappa Jatti became the Acting President of India when Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed passed away in the middle of his tenure.
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